Develop playfully

The age of information and the rapid development of science and culture. Not all changes in the world can be kept up, and not every phenomenon can be understood. Therefore, it is important to keep up with the times! That is, to constantly develop intelligence. No, you will not need to read a huge number of volumes of literary classics. Higher mathematics does not need to be solved either. You don't even need to learn a foreign language. "What, then, to do?" - a question will arise. It's simple: play educational games!

There are fun that boosts IQ (intelligence quotient). The benefits of such entertainment are scientifically proven, so feel free to try. An example of such a game is "N-Back". This article is about her.

By the way, Here I created a table and add there gradually different links to scientific publications. This is necessary so that you are sure that if you study according to the program, you will not be wasting your time.

What is the game «N-Back»?

The essence of the program is that the player must keep track of the current symbol. The sign will move along the cells, your task - to remember its position and subsequently mark. The test person must choose a point that corresponds to the number of steps required by the game. In other words, the figure moves several times (from 1 to N) and you may be required to specify the place where it was from 1 to N moves earlier. The level of difficulty is adjustable, so fear not. In translation, «N-Back» sounds like «N-Back». Clearly, the name is derived from the puzzle algorithm itself.

There are similar tests, such as «Concentration». The main difference in the game we are considering is that a person works with only one symbol, and not with different.

«1-N» implies that the player must remember the position of the object 1 step backward. «2-N» says to pay attention to the place where the icon was two actions ago. Different values of N are treated in the same way. In this way, the game stimulates most of the working memory. In the case where the number N is two or more, it is not enough to notice the recent location of the object itself, you need to keep track of landmarks that will help you remember the previous location of the symbol. That is, to players needs not only to record information, but also to be able to work with it in the process of.

Varieties of the puzzle N-Back.

«N-Back» - not the name of the application itself, but rather the principle of similar programs. There are several types of the game in question, but they differ slightly. Mainly by different objects, around which the algorithm of actions is built. In other words, the condition of the problem and the basic data may be different (instead of a shape there is a row of letters, for example).

History of origination.

The creator of the smart game is considered to be the psychologist W. K. Krichner. In 1985, he conducted research on the influence of «N-Back» exercises on short-term (working) human memory. He also considered the possibility of developing the part of the brain that is responsible for the ability to think logically and think of different ways out of problems.

The puzzle has found its application in medical research, in psychological tests aimed at analyzing working memory and fluid intelligence (the ability to think sequentially).

What cognitive functions develops?

The most complex functions of the brain that provide rational cognition of the surrounding world and regulate interaction with it are called cognitive.

These include:

Doing puzzles from «N-Back» series tones up your brain's thinking activity. Regular exercise ensures the development of organizational skills and the ability to identify cause-and-effect connections. Your memory improves through a simple cycle (information - exchange - playback). Scientists note that the more time you spend on training, the stronger and more effective your progress will be. In other words, by exercising today, you are working for your future. If you want to improve your quality of life, pump up your IQ, get rid of absent-mindedness and forgetfulness, then think about going to the game regularly.

It is recommended that you spend about 25 minutes a day exercising. This time can be divided into 20 sets of exercises. For best results, set aside 4-5 days a week for this activity. If you are using Brain Workshop, pay attention to the box in the upper right corner. There you can track your progress.

Keep in mind that overloading without breaks is useless. The brain needs time to learn and develop. It is optimal to have sessions four or five days a week, as mentioned earlier. Don't push yourself in pursuit of a quick effect. It will appear, but it will take time. Be patient and stick to the schedule at all times. For motivation, invite a friend, relative or acquaintance and work out together. Give each other reports, you can introduce a system of penalties for absences. Learning as a team will be both more fun and more effective.

Many who have practiced regularly and thoroughly have reached the maximum level of play available today. We're talking about 11-Back. You can do it, too, if you want to!

What research has been done?

Many scientific experiments have been conducted to test the effectiveness of the «N-Back» game. Although the benefits of the «3-Back» exercise have been proven in the past, not all studies of the puzzle series have had positive results. A possible reason for the failed experiments is that each person is different, and for some the method in question for developing short-term memory does not help.

Nevertheless, let us consider some of them. For convenience, let's present the results of scientists' work in the form of a table.

The Year Scientists The essence of the study Links
2008 Suzanne Yeggy Thanks to experiments, it has been proven that regular training can in a short time pump the intellect and expand the working memory, develop logical thinking, improve concentration. Click
2009 Polar A total of 20 undergraduate students aged 24 years participated in the experiment, with ten training sessions of 10 days each. Using standard Raven matrices as an assessment method for obtaining and analyzing experimental results, it was proven that the training model could improve fluid intelligence. Click
2013 Sevidj Conducted «N-Back» training in two groups of people between the ages of 30 and 60. After 5 weeks of the training program, group participants experienced improvements in working memory performance and processing speed; however, only the group that trains working memory has improved fluid intelligence. Клик

Who will be useful from this game?

There is no need to develop with the help of a puzzle, the «N-Back». It is everyone's personal choice. But if you want to make progress with your brain, this type of pastime - the way to go.

General indications for using the application in question:

Conclusion: in order to catch up with the rapidly developing society, it is necessary to keep up with the intelligence of the general mass of people. It is scientifically proven that the cognitive functions of the brain can be developed. The «N-Back» game is an example of one method of development. Try the regular sessions and feel the effect on yourself. Good luck!

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